Colonial architecture

Danish Fort Dansborg at Tranquebar, built by Ove Gedde in 1620.

Colonial architecture is an architectural style from a mother country that has been incorporated into the buildings of settlements or colonies in distant locations. Colonists frequently built settlements that synthesized the architecture of their countries of origin with the design characteristics of their new lands, creating hybrid designs.[1]

Below are links to specific articles about colonial architecture, specifically the modern colonies:


  • 1 Spanish colonial architecture
  • 2 Portuguese colonial architecture
  • 3 British colonial architecture
  • 4 French colonial architecture
  • 5 Dutch colonial architecture
  • 6 Italian colonial architecture
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Spanish colonial architecture

Further information: Category: Spanish Colonial architecture

Spanish Colonial architecture is still found in the former colonies of the Spanish Empire in the Americas and in the Philippines. In Mexico, it is found in the Historic center of Mexico City, Puebla, Zacatecas, Querétaro, Guanajuato, and Morelia. Antigua Guatemala in Guatemala is also known for its well-preserved Spanish colonial style architecture. Other cities known for Spanish colonial heritage are Ciudad Colonial of Santo Domingo, the ports of Cartagena, Colombia, and Old San Juan in Puerto Rico.

North America
Under construction for more than two centuries, the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral is a mixture of three styles that predominated during the colonial era: Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassic.

  • Viceroyalty of New Spain
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Mexico
      • New Spanish Baroque
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in the United States
    • Spanish Colonial Revival architecture


  • Spanish West Indies
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Cuba
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in the Dominican Republic
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Puerto Rico

South America

  • Viceroyalty of Peru, Viceroyalty of New Granada, and Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Argentina
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Chile
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Colombia
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Peru
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in Venezuela
  • Spanish missions in South America
    • Spanish missions in Bolivia
    • Paoay Church Ilocos Sur Philippines is a fine example of Spanish Earthquake Baroque only found in the PhilippinesSpanish missions in Brazil
    • Spanish missions in Paraguay


  • Spanish East Indies
    • Spanish Colonial architecture in the Philippines
    • Earthquake Baroque
    • Bahay na Bato

Portuguese colonial architecture

Church of Santo António;
b. 1498, Mozambique

Portuguese colonial architecture is most visible in Brazil, Madeira, North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa, Macau, Malaysian city of Malacca, city of Goa, Moluccas, and Java.

  • Asia
    • Portuguese Colonial architecture in India
    • Portuguese Colonial architecture in Sri Lanka
    • Sino-Portuguese architecture
  • South America
    • Portuguese Colonial architecture in Brazil

British colonial architecture

Morgan House is a classic example of colonial Victorian era architecture in Kalimpong, India.
Westover Plantation, an example of Georgian architecture on the eastern James River, in Virginia

British colonial architecture are most visible in North America, the British West Indies, the Far East, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

  • North America
    • American colonial architecture
      • Federal Architecture
      • First Period
      • Colonial Georgian architecture
    • British colonial architecture in Canada
  • South Asia
    • British colonial architecture in India
    • British colonial architecture in Pakistan
    • Colonial architecture in Sri Lanka
  • Australia
    • Colonial architecture of Australia
      • Federation architecture
  • Far East
    • British colonial architecture in Hong Kong
    • British colonial architecture in Singapore

French colonial architecture

Gabriel Peyreaux House in New Orleans, built circa 1780 It is an example of poteaux-sur-solle construction.

French colonial architecture is most visible in North America and Indochina.

  • Indochina
  • North America
    • French colonial architecture in North America
  • South Asia
    • French colonial architecture in India

Dutch colonial architecture

Toko Merah, an 18th-century Dutch colonial landmark in Jakarta, shows a typically Dutch high sash window with split shutters.

Dutch colonial architecture is most visible in Indonesia (especially Java and Sumatra), the United States, South Asia, and South Africa. In Indonesia, formerly Dutch East Indies, colonial architecture was studied academically and had developed into a new tropical architecture form which emphasizes on conforming to the tropical climate of the Indies and not completely imitating the architectural language of the Dutch colonists.

  • Indonesia
    • Dutch colonial architecture of Indonesia
      • Old Indies Style
      • Indies Empire style
      • New Indies Style
  • North America
    • Dutch colonial architecture in North America
    • Dutch Colonial Revival architecture
  • South Asia
    • Dutch colonial architecture in India
    • Colonial architecture in Sri Lanka
  • South Africa
    • Cape Dutch architecture





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